We will talk in this article about everything related to the growth of newborn babies in the first month.
And we will address how to take care of the child in that month in terms of lactation and nutrition and the number of hours of sleep, hearing, freshness, mental development, motor development, communication, and growth in height, weight, a circumference of the head and opening of the yaws. as well as the most important health problems that can occur to the child at this age and how to deal with them.
The first month in child care is often sensitive, especially for new mothers. Where fear prevails over her, which stems from her keenness to give the best care for her child. But with this article, you will come out and you can deal with your child without worry and fear.
What procedures should be following in the first hours of birth?
- Once the child is out of the operating room he should only bathe with water.
- Should not remove the white layer on the child’s skin. Because it is very important to protect him from the invasion of bacteria as well as maintain his temperature.
- As for the clothes that a child must wear in the first month, they vary according to the season. But as a fixed rule, the child wears two pieces of cloth more than those worn by adults.
- Breastfeeding: The child must take mother’s milk as soon as she leaves the operating room, as the child benefits from colostomy milk, Breastfeeding is very important for establishing good immunity for the child’s intelligence, proper growth.
- These are the most important procedures to follow in the first days of the birth of the baby.
There are a lot of things that moms have to take care of, the direction of their children. And we’ll start caring for the baby.
One of the most important things to pay attention to is Newborn Baby’s navel. We should spray on the navel area ethyl alcohol at the rate of four times a day. The second thing is not to put a cloth or gauze on this area. And the third thing is not to try to remove the navel where it will fall alone. There is no problem in the case of navel sticking for a month as long as the mother cleans it.
The second thing to do is in the first 10 days of a child’s life, an antibiotic drop should be placed in the baby’s eye. Three times a day to protect her from infection with bacteria that can be transmitted from the mother during the birth.
The third thing is that the child should take vitamin D drops from the first day 400 IU and at a rate of once a day.
Fourth: We follow the child in the first 24 hours and make sure that he urinates and feces during this period and in case of delayed urination and bowel movement, the child should be taken to a pediatrician in order to examine the child.
Finally: In the first two weeks of the life of the child should follow Jaundice and conduct periodic check-ups to make sure that it does not rise to a worrying level, in case the height is slight breastfeeding will help a lot in getting rid of it, but if the height is high here should be checked by the pediatrician and placed in the nursery under ultraviolet radiation.
Growth of newborn babies in the first month
1- Weight: The baby is born with a weight of between 2-4 kilos This is the extent to which most babies are born and the child in the first month of life we notice in the first 10 days a drop in weight by about 10% and this is very normal and there is no problem after the tenth day the child begins to gain weight well at an increased rate of approximately 750 grams per month i.e. 180 grams per week so from the tenth day the mother should monitor the rate of the weight of the child if found The rate of weight gain for the child is 180 grams per week so here is good and the child takes his basic needs.
2- Height: The child is born 45 to 55 centimeters long meaning that the average height is about 50 centimeters in most children and during the first month the child increases about 5 centimeters in length approximately.
3- Head circumference: The baby is born with a head circumference of 33 to 37 centimeters as normal and during the first month the circumference of the baby’s head will increase at a rate of 2-3 centimeters
4- Fontanelle slot: There are two types of fontanelle, the Anterior fontanelle, and this usually a little low before the birth process, and very few kids are born, and the fontanelle Anterior is open. Posterior fontanelle and is the attention of most mothers the size of it varies from one child to another but at a rate of 1 to 1.5 centimeter
, the closing of a fontanelle slot is gradual until it is completely closing at six months to two years, in case closing early or late for more than two years should be reviewing specialized doctor.
What vaccines does a newborn baby take in the first month of life?
Within the first 24 hours of the child’s life, should giving zero doses to vaccinating Hepatitis B, an injection given to the baby in the muscle, usually in the anterior thigh.
The other vaccine getting to a child during the first month is tuberculosis vaccination and giving in the shoulder and the third vaccine is the polio vaccine, which is two drops giving in the mouth.
See a table for all vaccines that should be giving to the child from the first month to 18 years of age by cdc.gov.
the Laboratory tests that should be performing for newborns:
1- The first examination is a sample of the heel, by taking a blood sample from the child’s heel to check for thyroid glands and to check for one of the metabolic diseases, these tests must be performed between three and ten days of the child’s life.
2- Hearing measurement: checking the hearing condition of the newborn child is very necessary, This measurement should be performing within the first three months of the child’s life.
3- Television scans: On the thigh joint to make sure it’s safe and not dislocate, these are all the tests and vaccines that must be performed in newborn babies in the first month’s life.
Breastfeeding and nutrition: newborn babies in the first month’s life, breastfeeding should be the main source of nutrition, breastfeeding is indispensable for all children is the ideal nutrition that maintains its health, growth, and immunity, which is establishing in the first moments of the birth of the child by placing the baby on the mother’s breast and then starting to breastfeed.
The baby’s stomach is small so he needs to breastfeed several times as he takes each time a small amount of mother’s milk but be enough for him, in the first month is usually feeding every two hours and in case the child sleeps for more than three hours here should wake up for the lactation process.
Here we must emphasize that the mother should eat well and drink a lot of fluids at the rate of 3-4 liters of water in order to be of excellent milk quality.
if there is little milk here, you should eat a lot of food and fluids and there is no problem if the mother takes medications or herbs that contribute to the milk.
If the nipple of the mother is small, especially the new mothers here, you should do a nipple massage in ten minutes and then start breastfeeding the baby.
Guidelines to follow in the lactation process
- The child must burp twice in the first and last feeding.
- It is very necessary to breastfeed the baby from one side of the breast until it has completely finished milk in order for the child to take all kinds of milk that is present in the mother’s chest.
- It is important to take care to put the correct feeding of the baby which is that the child is tilting his head is higher than his body at an angle of 45 degrees, this situation is very important in order not to harm his ear.
As for feces, a newborn baby in the first month is very different in nature from one child to another. In the first days of the child’s life from two to three days, the child works a dark black stool that is greenish-black, and then the child begins to make a normal stool that is yellowish and has a slightly liquid texture.
The vitamins: that the newborn babies need in the first month of their life, the child needs only one vitamin and is vitamin D and is carried by 400 international units each day.
Sleeping: Sleeping for newborn babies in the first month of life is the most annoying topic for moms. The baby is always irregular in his sleep at this age, as the cause of his frequent hunger is due to the small stomach, so the mother has to regulate her sleep with her child’s sleep system.
Evolution: Mental development, mobility, communication, and speech
In the first month of neonatal life, there is no movement development but there are some cases that need to be scrutinized and monitored after delivery directly
- We confirm that the child has no dressing and birth in the thigh
- To make sure there are no bends in the child’s feet.
At the end of the first month, in case the child is placed on his belly, he will lift his head a little bit and then come back, This is the only state of motor development that appears this month.
Mental development does not show in the first months any signs of the child’s mental development but shows some reactions, for example, the child will scream if he feels hungry or wants to change diapers or hear a loud noise that causes him to be disturbed.
Communicating and talking: The first month does not show any signs of communication and language and we will see these signs in the coming months.
The senses of newborn babies in the first month: the baby is heard well since birth and also heard well since it was a fetus in the mother’s womb, hearing from the first senses that are well-formed in infants, We can know that the baby hears well when he’s healthy when he hears it for a high voice, so the child should be kept away from the high votes as the ear of this age is very sensitive.
Vision: The first person born can see but his vision is unclear and cannot distinguish people or things.
In the end, the first month of a child’s life is a very important month in which everything happens then the mother must be patient in dealing with the child and breastfeeding is the basis for building the child’s health as well as regularly reviewing the pediatrician and following the doctor’s guidance.